What is CBGV (Cannabigerovarin)? Uses & Benefits

Area 52
September 30, 2021 | Blog

Most people interested in cannabinoids know plenty about the most popular ones, including THC and CBD.

However, there are over 100 cannabinoids, all with different effects and uses. CBGV is an important cannabinoid found in cannabis plants, but most people don’t fully understand what it is, how it’s made, or how it affects the body.

This guide seeks to demystify CBGV and how it differs from other more popular cannabinoids.

What is CBGV?

Illustration of CBGv chemical structure

CBGV (cannabigerovarin) is a cannabinoid produced by hemp and marijuana plants. CBGV is closely related to CBG (cannabigerol), which is considered the mother of all cannabinoids.

CBG and its variants — including CBGV — break down over time as the cannabis plant matures, turning into THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. As the name suggests, CBGV breaks down into THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin) and CBDV (cannabidivarin); it’s similar to how CBG breaks down to THC and CBD.

CBGV is chemically different from CBG in that it has a third carbon atom extension. Experts believe that this third carbon tail alters how CBGV interacts with our endocannabinoid system, which also means it has varying effects on the user.

Is CBGV Natural or Synthetic?

CBGV is a wholly natural cannabinoid that appears in hemp and marijuana plants. Experts maintain that it’s found in higher concentrations in Cannabis sativa plants than in Cannabis indica or Cannabis ruderalis.

To date, CBGV has not been synthesized in a lab setting, so any occurrence of CBGV is natural. Some people think of CBGV as “man-made” because it’s typically extracted from cannabis plant matter using chromatography, but it remains a natural constituent of hemp and marijuana plants.

Is CBGV Legal?

Gavel Books and Hemp Leaf

CBGV, along with many other cannabinoids, exists in a legal gray area. CBGV is unregulated, but its extraction plays a significant role in whether or not federal and state levels prohibit it.

Cannabinoids can come from any cannabis plant, either from hemp or marijuana. Marijuana is illegal on a federal level and is a Schedule I drug, but some states allow recreational or medicinal use of cannabis (or both) as it wishes so it is best to check the legal status of marijuana in the state where you are in [1]. The Farm Bill of 2018 legalized hemp and its compounds on a federal level and defined hemp as any cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight [2].

That means that CBGV extracted from marijuana plants is unlawful federally, although it’s legal in any state where recreational marijuana is not prohibited.

Some individuals wonder about the legality of cannabinoids extracted from hemp because THC and other psychoactive cannabinoids could technically be hemp-derived. However, CBGV and other cannabinoids taken from hemp plants remain legal to date.

CBGV vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?

Most people have heard of CBD and its many anecdotal medical uses. CBGV is very closely related to CBD but is much less popular, so most people are left to wonder what the differences are.

As mentioned above, CBD and CBGV both come from the same cannabinoid: CBG. They’re somewhat similar in chemical structure, but CBGV has one fewer carbon ring and one additional carbon tail.

The effects of consuming CBGV and CBD are also quite similar, according to user reports. However, CBGV users report a surge of energy most of the time, which is not something CBD typically provides.

What Are the Effects of CBGV?

Most users note that CBGV calms them, especially if they have anxious thoughts or high levels of stress. Some people report pain relief when consuming CBGV, especially pain associated with swelling.

Nearly every person who consumes CBGV reports increased energy, focus, concentration, positive feelings, and improved mood. For these reasons, CBGV is a popular choice among students as a study aid.

CBGV is most commonly used in the morning or afternoon to increase concentration and feel awakened, and the effects are similar to drinking several cups of coffee.

CBGV is a relatively new cannabinoid, so there is insubstantial research to confirm any medical uses.

How Does CBGV Work?

Researcher Checking Hemp Leaves

Like all cannabinoids that affect the human body, CBGV interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in our endocannabinoid system, a series of receptors and signal-sending mechanisms that interact with and control many systems, including the nervous system.

The endocannabinoid system helps maintain balance, and anything that influences it will affect these systems in subtle and sometimes more intense ways.

Will CBGV Get You High?

Unlike THC, CBGV is not a psychoactive cannabinoid; it will not get you high, and it won’t leave you feeling intoxicated. Most CBGV users say they feel energized, more clear-headed, and focused — however, few people have had the opportunity to test this cannabinoid so far. It’s still very difficult to find unless you happen to know a producer.

Key Takeaways: What is CBGV & What Makes it Special?

CBGV is a naturally occurring cannabinoid in cannabis plants, with higher concentrations showing up in Sativa strains. It’s most prevalent in young marijuana and hemp plants before it’s converted into THCV and CBDV.

CBGV is legal on a federal and state level, provided it’s from hemp and not marijuana plants.

CBGV is not a psychoactive cannabinoid and will not produce a high or intoxication. Instead, many users report that CBGV offers a boost of energy, improves mood, induces positivity, offers mild pain relief, reduces swelling, and significantly improves focus and concentration.

Little research has been done to substantiate medical claims related to CBGV, but many experts believe it might have some practical applications in medicine.

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